Ventricular dysfunction in type 1 myotonic dystrophy: Electrical, mechanical, or both?
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 143, no 3, 378-384 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a systemic disease which affects the heart and may be a cause of sudden death. Conduction disturbances are the major cardiac abnormalities seen in this condition. We sought to assess electrical and mechanical cardiac functions to identify abnormalities that might explain sudden cardiac death in DM1. METHODS: Thirty six patients with DM1 and 16 controls were studied using echocardiography including myocardial Doppler. ECG recordings were also obtained. RESULTS: Left ventricular (LV) dimensions were maintained but systolic function was reduced (p<0.001), including stroke volume (p<0.05). LV segmental myocardial isovolumic contraction time was prolonged (p<0.001) and correlated with PR interval (p<0.001). Isovolumic relaxation time was prolonged (p<0.05) and filling time was reduced (p<0.001). LV cavity was significantly asynchronous demonstrated by prolonged total isovolumic time (t-IVT) (p<0.001), high Tei index (p<0.001) and low ejection index (p<0.001). Right ventricular (RV) strain was reduced (p<0.001) as were its systolic and diastolic velocities (p<0.05 for both). 22/36 patients had prolonged LV t-IVT>12.3 s/min (upper 95% normal CI), 13 of whom had PR>/=200 ms, 11 had QRS duration >120 ms (5 had combined abnormality) and the remaining 5 had neither. Over the 3 years follow up 10 patients had events, 6 of them cardiac. t-IVT was prolonged in 5/6 patients, PR interval in 4 and QRS duration in one. CONCLUSIONS: In DM1 patients, LV conventional measurements are modestly impaired but cardiac time relations suggest marked asynchronous cavity function. Although our findings were primarily explained on the basis of long PR interval or broad QRS duration a minority presented an evidence for myocardial cause of asynchrony rather than electrical. Early identification of such abnormalities may guide towards a need for additional electrical resynchronization therapy which may improve survival in a way similar to what has been shown in heart failure trials.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 143, no 3, 378-384 p.
Myotonic dystrophy, LV asynchrony, Tissue Doppler, Strain imaging, Right ventricle
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32339DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2009.03.084ISI: 000281874500027PubMedID: 19395098OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-32339DiVA: diva2:302859