Finger joint movement sensitivity of non-cutaneous mechanoreceptor afferents in the human radial nerve.
1990 (English)In: Experimental Brain Research, ISSN 0014-4819, E-ISSN 1432-1106, Vol. 82, no 2, 417-422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The responses of non-cutaneous receptors in the human hand to normal digit movements were studied using single afferent recordings from the radial nerve. Eight joint-related afferents had thresholds of 50 mN or less. All responded to passive flexion movements within the physiological range of joint rotation and showed predominantly static response sensitivity; none increased its discharge during passive extension. However, only two of these eight afferents showed the same response pattern during active movements; three discharged only during the extension phase whereas the other three discharged both during extension and flexion. No high-threshold, joint-related mechanoreceptive afferents were encountered in a population of 148 afferents recorded from the cutaneous portion of the radial nerve indicating a scarcity of such afferents on the dorsal aspect of finger joints. Seven high-threshold, subcutaneous mechanoreceptive units not related to joints had thresholds for indentations of 50 mN or more and lacked responses to finger movements. Low-threshold mechanoreceptive afferents related to joints in the human hand may thus provide kinematic information in the physiological mid-range of both passive and active movements. Joint position cannot, however, be derived unambiguously from their discharge since the receptor responses may be dramatically altered by muscle activity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1990. Vol. 82, no 2, 417-422 p.
Joint receptors, Kinesthesia, Human hand
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32723DOI: 10.1007/BF00231261PubMedID: 2286241OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-32723DiVA: diva2:305298