Effects of carvedilol or metoprolol on PAI-1, tPA-mass concentration or Von Willebrand factor in chronic heart failure--a COMET substudy.
2010 (English)In: Thrombosis Research, ISSN 0049-3848, E-ISSN 1879-2472, Vol. 125, no 2, e46-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
INTRODUCTION: In COMET (Carvedilol or Metoprolol European Trial), carvedilol reduced mortality compared with metoprolol in patients with chronic heart failure. We hypothesized that carvedilol might have greater effects on endothelial derived haemostatic factors than metoprolol. We aimed to study the effects of carvedilol or metoprolol on tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), its inhibitor PAI-1 and Von Willebrand factor (VWF) in patients with heart failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We recruited 260 patients (134 on carvedilol, 126 on metoprolol), mean age 66 years and 84% of them men. Plasma mass concentrations of tPA and PAI-1and percent of VWF were measured at baseline and after one and two years of treatment. RESULTS: Plasma tPA, PAI-1 and VWF were similar between treatment groups at baseline and no significant differences between groups emerged after one or two years of treatment. In paired analyses in patients assigned to carvedilol, median PAI-1 level decreased from 37.2 to 32.1 microg/l at two years (p=0.034) and of VWF decreased from baseline to one year (240 vs. 218%, p=0.023) in patients assigned to carvedilol but were not reduced at any time in patients assigned to metoprolol. Plasma tPA increased over time in both treatment groups (p=0.013 and 0.027 respectively). CONCLUSION: We found no significant difference in the effects of carvedilol or metoprolol on tPA, PAI-1 and VWF. Comparison over time within treatment groups suggested that PAI-1 and VWF might have declined on carvedilol but not on metoprolol. Our hypothesis is not proved but this may reflect an inadequate sample size rather than lack of an effect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 125, no 2, e46-50 p.
beta-receptor-blocker, metoprolol, carvedilol, tissue plasminogen activator, tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor, Von Willebrand factor
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32927DOI: 10.1016/j.thromres.2009.08.010ISI: 000274937400025PubMedID: 19762071OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-32927DiVA: diva2:306762