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Usefulness of natriuretic peptides in primary health care: an exploratory study in elderly patients
Department of Medicine, Skellefteå County Hospital, Skellefteå.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine. Department of Medicine, Skellefteå County Hospital, Skellefteå.
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 28, no 1, 29-35 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. To explore the negative predictive value (NPV), positive predictive value (PPV), sensitivity, and specificity of natriuretic peptides, cut-off levels, and the impact of gender and age in elderly patients with systolic heart failure (HF). Design. Cross-sectional exploratory study. Setting. One primary healthcare centre. Patients. A total of 109 patients with symptoms of HF were referred for echocardiographic examination with a cardiovascular consultation. Systolic HF was diagnosed (ESC guidelines) in 48 patients (46% men, 54% women, mean age 79 years) while 61 patients (21% men, 79% women, mean age 76 years) had no HF. Main outcome measures. NPV, PPV, sensitivity, specificity, and cut-off levels. Results. Including all 109 patients, NPV was 88% for NT-proBNP (200 ng/L) and 87% for BNP (20 pg/ml). PPV was 81% for NT-proBNP (500 ng/L) and 68% for BNP (50 pg/ml). Sensitivity was 96% for NT-proBNP (100 ng/L) and 96% for BNP (10-20 pg/ml). Specificity was 87% for NT-proBNP (500 ng/L) and 71% for BNP (50 pg/ml). Nt-proBNP (beta = 0.035; p < 0.001) and BNP (beta = 0.030; p < 0.001) were associated with age, but not with gender. In a multivariate analysis age (beta = 0.036; p < 0.001) and male gender (beta = 0.270; p = 0.014) were associated with NT-proBNP, but only age for BNP (beta = 0.030; p < 0.001). Conclusion. Natriuretic peptides in an elderly population showed high NPVs, but not as high as in younger patients with HF in other studies. Age and male gender were associated with higher levels of NT-proBNP while only age was related to elevated BNP levels.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 28, no 1, 29-35 p.
Keyword [en]
echocardiography, elderly, family practice, gender, natriuretic peptides, primary health care, systolic heart failure
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32962DOI: 10.3109/02813430903345074ISI: 000275895600006PubMedID: 20192890OAI: diva2:306854
Available from: 2010-03-31 Created: 2010-03-31 Last updated: 2015-05-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Heart failure in elderly with focus on diagnosis and prognosis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Heart failure in elderly with focus on diagnosis and prognosis
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: Patients older than 75 years with heart failure (HF) are at increased risk for mortality and hospital admissions. Echocardiography and brain natriuretic peptides (BNP, NTproBNP) are important diagnostic tools but sparsely evaluated in elderly PHC patients. Aims: Validate the clinical diagnosis of HF, investigate the types of HF and underlying cardiovascular disorders with focus on sex and age differences. Explore the sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values (NPV, PPV) of BNP and NT-proBNP in patients with systolic HF. Study the associations of HF or NTproBNP on all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Study the prognostic value of different biomarkers and HF, on all-cause and cardiovascular hospitalizations. Methods: Patients with suspected HF were recruited from one selected PHC and registered on a prespecified record and referred for an echocardiographic examination and a final cardiologist consultation. Blood samples for natriuretic peptides were stored frozen at – 70° C. Death certificates were used to register all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality. To register hospitalisations, medical records were used and classification was defined according to ICD-10. Results The GPs identified 121 women and 49 men with suspected HF of whom 39% (51 women and 16 men) were above 80 years. Myocardial infarction (OR:4,3 CL: 1,8-10,6) hypertension (OR:3,4 CI:1,6-6,9) atrial fibrillation (OR:2,8 CL:1,0-7,9) predicted a confirmed diagnosis of HF. Confirmed HF was verified in 45% of the patients and was significantly more common in men than women (p=0,02). The best NPV was 88 % for NT-proBNP (200 ng/L) and 87 % for BNP (20 pg/ml). Age and male gender were independently associated with higher levels of NT-proBNP. During the 10-year follow up, 71 out of 144 patients died. In univariate Cox regression analysis, significant associations were found for overall HF (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.86; 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.15- 3.01), isolated systolic HF (HR:1.95; 95% CI:1.06-3.61), and combined (systolic and diastolic) HF (HR:3.28; 95% CI:1.74-6.14) with all-cause mortality, but not for isolated diastolic HF. In multivariable analysis, age (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.06-1.17), kidney dysfunction (HR:1.91; 95% CI:1.11- 3.29), smoking (HR:3.70; 95% CI:2.02-6.77), and NTproBNP (HR:1.01; 95% CI:1.00-1.02), but not any type of HF, significantly predicted all-cause mortality. During ten years, 136 (80%) patients were hospitalised with 660 and 207 for all-cause and cardiovascular hospitalisations, respectively. Age (OR:1.1; 95% CI:1.01-1.15) and underlying heart disease (OR:3.5; 95% CI:1.00-11.89), significantly predicted all-cause hospitalisation. Overall HF (HR:1.8; 95% CI:1.06-2.94) significantly predicted time to first all-cause hospitalisations. For cardiovascular hospitalisations age (OR:1.1;95%CI:1.01-1.12), underlying heart disease (OR:3.4;95%CI:1.04-11.40) and NTproBNP ≥800 ng/L (OR:4,3;95%CI:1.5-12.50) were significant predictors. Conclusion: A confirmed diagnosis of HF was present in 45% of the patients. NPV was high, but not as high as in younger patients with HF. Patients with systolic HF had a higher mortality than patients with diastolic HF compared to patients with no HF. Patients with combined HF were at even higher risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality. Age, kidney dysfunction, NTproBNP and smoking predicted mortality. Age and underlying heart diseases were predictors for all-cause hospitalisations and together with NTproBNP they also predicted cardiovascular hospitalisations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2015. 93 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1723
elderly, chronic heart failure, primary health care, natriuretic peptides, prognosis, mortality, hospitalisation
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-102571 (URN)978-91-7601-275-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-05-29, Forumsalen, Campus Skellefteå, Skellefteå, 13:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2015-05-08 Created: 2015-04-28 Last updated: 2015-05-21Bibliographically approved

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