Life insurance and income growth: the case of Sweden 1830-1950
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Economic History Review, ISSN 0358-5522, E-ISSN 1750-2837, Vol. 58, no 3, 203-219 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this paper we provide an analysis of the life insurance market in Sweden from the early 19th century to the mid 20th century. We consider determinants put forward in the financial history literature to explain the growth of life insurance. The paper shows that income elasticity of demand gives a fairly good approximation of the development in the twentieth century, while the development of risk and insurance innovation among other things need to be taken into account to explain the growth of life insurance in nineteenth century. The price of life insurance, measured as the overhead-to-premium-income-ratio, remained fairly constant during the second half of the 19th century, while the risk, as indicated in terms of crude mortality rates and its volatility did decline. This probably improved the return on life-insurance savings and further helped the entry of new firms. The average premium size was reduced to enable the diffusion of life insurance to workers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge , 2010. Vol. 58, no 3, 203-219 p.
Insurance history; insurance; the financial revolution; Swedish economic history; household budget survey; historical national accounts
Research subject Economic History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33039DOI: 10.1080/03585522.2010.503577OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-33039DiVA: diva2:309681
ProjectsThe historical development of the Swedish insurance industry
FunderRiksbankens Jubileumsfond, P2006-0679:1-E