PEBP2 and c-myb sites crucial for lambda5 core enhancer activity in pre-B cells.
2001 (English)In: European Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0014-2980, E-ISSN 1521-4141, Vol. 31, no 11, 3165-3174 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The lambda5 gene is expressed exclusively in precursor (pre-) B cells where its gene product, as part of the pre-B cell receptor, is crucial for the proliferation of these cells. Several DNA regions regulate the activity and expression pattern of the lambda5 gene. Amongst these is an enhancer, B(lambda5), located 5' of the gene. Here we analyze the lambda5 enhancer core, b(lambda5), which in earlier experiments was demonstrated to retain 50% of the enhancer activity, and show that this activity is restricted to pre-B cells. We identify a DNA element within b(lambda5), PEBP2(lambda5), which is essential for enhancer activity: mutation within this site dramatically reduces core enhancer activity in pre-B cells. The PEBP2(lambda5) site binds bacterially produced polyoma enhancer binding proteins (PEBP) (Runx/AML/CBFA). Furthermore, PEBP2 proteins present in nuclear extracts from murine pre-B cells bind to the PEBP2(lambda5) element. PEBP2 proteins in mature B cells also bind to the PEBP2(lambda5 )element, implying that if PEBP2 proteins are responsible for the stage-specific expression, they have to be non-activating or inhibiting in mature B cells. We also demonstrate that a described partner of PEBP2, c-myb, binds to a sequence termed myb(lambda5) located just upstream of the PEBP2(lambda5) site in the core enhancer. The myb(lambda5) element is also crucial for enhancer activity, since mutating the myb site reduces core enhancer activity to the same extent as mutating the PEBP2 site. Earlier reports have shown that c-myb is expressed at high levels in pre-B cell lines whereas its expression is down-regulated in more mature B cell lines. Thus, c-myb may be involved in determining the stage-specific expression of the lambda5 gene.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 31, no 11, 3165-3174 p.
Enhancer, Pre-B, myb, PEBP2, Surrogate light chain
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33070DOI: 10.1002/1521-4141(200111)31:11<3165::AID-IMMU3165>3.0.CO;2-NPubMedID: 11745333OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-33070DiVA: diva2:309939