Histological outcomes on the development of new space-making devices for maxillary sinus floor augmentation
2011 (English)In: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research, ISSN 1523-0899, E-ISSN 1708-8208, Vol. 13, no 3, 224-230 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Previous studies have pointed out that the mere elevation of the maxillary sinus membrane promotes bone formation without the use of augmentation materials.
Purpose: This experimental study aimed at evaluating if the two-stage procedure for sinus floor augmentation could benefit from the use of a space-making device in order to increase the bone volume to enable later implant installation with good primary stability.
Materials and Methods: Six male tufted capuchin primates (Cebus apella) were subjected to extraction of the three premolars and the first molar on both sides of the maxilla to create an edentulous area. The sinuses were opened using the lateral bone-wall window technique, and the membrane was elevated. One resorbable space-making device was inserted in each maxillary sinus, and the bone window was returned in place. The animals were euthanatized after 6 months, and biopsy blocks containing the whole maxillary sinus and surrounding soft tissues were prepared for ground sections.
Results: The histological examination of the specimens showed bone formation in contact with both the schneiderian membrane and the device in most cases even when the device was displaced. The process of bone formation indicates that this technique is potentially useful for two-stage sinus floor augmentation. The lack of stabilization of the device within the sinus demands further improvement of space-makers for predictable bone augmentation.
Conclusions: It is concluded that (1) the device used in this study did not trigger any important inflammatory reaction; (2) when the sinus membrane was elevated, bone formation was a constant finding; and (3) an ideal space-making device should be stable and elevate the membrane to ensure a maintained connection between the membrane and the secluded space.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2011. Vol. 13, no 3, 224-230 p.
augmentation, bone formation, endosseous implants, maxillary sinus, sinus membrane elevation
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33128DOI: 10.1111/j.1708-8208.2009.00208.xISI: 000293349700006PubMedID: 19681942OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-33128DiVA: diva2:310176
Article first published online: 3 Aug 2009.2010-04-132010-04-132015-06-15Bibliographically approved