Resistance to phagocytosis by Yersinia.
2002 (English)In: International Journal of Medical Microbiology, ISSN 1438-4221, E-ISSN 1618-0607, Vol. 291, no 6-7, 501-509 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Enteropathogenic species of the genus Yersinia penetrate the intestinal epithelium and then spread to the lymphatic system, where they proliferate extracellularly. At this location, most other bacteria are effectively ingested and destroyed by the resident phagocytes. Yersinia, on the other hand binds to receptors on the external surface of phagocytes, and from this location it blocks the capacity of these cells to exert their phagocytic function via different receptors. The mechanism behind the resistance to phagocytosis involves the essential virulence factor YopH, a protein tyrosine phosphatase that is translocated into interacting target cells via a type III secretion machinery. YopH disrupts peripheral focal complexes of host cells, seen as a rounding up of infected cells. The focal complex proteins that are dephosphorylated by YopH are focal adhesion kinase and Crk-associated substrate, the latter of which is a common substrate in both professional and non-professional phagocytes. In macrophages additional substrates have been found, the Fyn-binding/SLP-76-associated protein and SKAP-HOM. Phagocytosis is a rapid process that is activated when the bacterium interacts with the phagocyte. Consequently, the effect exerted by a microbe to block this process has to be rapid and precise. This review deals with the mechanisms involved in impeding uptake as well as with the role of the YopH substrates and focal complex structures in normal cell function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 291, no 6-7, 501-509 p.
YopH, Yersinia, phagocytosis, focal complexes, p130Cas, Fyb/SLAP
Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33368DOI: 10.1078/1438-4221-00159PubMedID: 11890550OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-33368DiVA: diva2:311637