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R&D collaboration and environmental adaptation: A pilot study of the Swedish pulp- and paper industry 1900-1990
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
IES/Unit for History of technology, Luleå tekniska universitet.
2010 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This paper deals with the importance of inter-firm and state-firm cooperation for environmental adaptation in the Swedish pulp and paper industry during the period 1900-1990. By sharing similar pollution problems, the industry pooled resources to collective R&D activities and could thereby share cost and the economic risks related to environmental adaptation. We conclude that the environmental issue has been a strong driver for industrial renewing in the Swedish pulp and paper industry since the 1960s. The long tradition of collective environmental R&D activities, which stared already at the beginning of the 20th century, facilitated the development and adaptation of cleaner technologies in the sector from the 1960s and onwards. Our findings suggest that environmental policies that support collaborative R&D activities might facilitate innovation processes of cleaner technologies and the speed of their diffusion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för ekonomisk historia , 2010. , 28 p.
Umeå papers in economic history, ISSN 1653-7378 ; 39, 2010
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33458OAI: diva2:312526
Available from: 2010-04-26 Created: 2010-04-26 Last updated: 2010-06-04Bibliographically approved

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Bergquist, Ann-Kristin
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