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Impacts of the productive safety net program in Ethiopia on livestock and tree holdings of rural households
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Department of Economics, Addis Ababa University.
Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg.
2011 (English)In: Journal of Development Economics, ISSN 0304-3878, E-ISSN 1872-6089, Vol. 94, no 1, 119-126 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We evaluated the impacts of the Ethiopian Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) on rural households' holdings of livestock and forest assets/trees. We found no indication that participation in PSNP induces households to disinvest in livestock or trees. In fact, households that participated in the program increased the number of trees planted, but there was no increase in their livestock holdings. We found no strong evidence that the PSNP protects livestock in times of shock. Shocks appear to lead households to disinvest in livestock, but not in trees. Our results suggest that there is increased forestry activity as a result of PSNP, and that improved credit access encourages households to increase their livestock holdings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2011. Vol. 94, no 1, 119-126 p.
Keyword [en]
Trees, Livestock, Safety net, Ethiopia
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33863DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2009.12.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-33863DiVA: diva2:318417
Available from: 2010-05-07 Created: 2010-05-07 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Changing the risk at the margin: Smallholder farming and public policy in developing countries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Changing the risk at the margin: Smallholder farming and public policy in developing countries
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of a summary and four self-contained papers.

Paper [I] examines whether the implementation of a social safety net programme in Ethiopia has affected the value, risk and composition of farmers‟ crop portfolios. The empirical analysis suggests that the value and risk of the crop portfolio have not been altered due to the programme. However, the programme seems to have brought about some changes in the land allocated to different crops.

Paper [II] studies how a social safety net affects farmers‟ (dis)investments in productive assets. More specifically, it studies how the Productive Safety Net Programme in Ethiopia has changed livestock and tree holdings. The results indicate no significant effect on livestock holdings, but a significant increase in tree holdings.

Paper [III] investigates if there is a problem of adverse selection in formal microlending in rural Bangladesh. The results indicate that farmers who only borrow formally have a shadow price of capital that is substantially higher than the average informal interest rate. This suggests that farmers that only borrow formally are perceived as poor credit risks by informal lenders.

Paper [IV] explores the economic incentives surrounding the cultivation of opium poppy in Afghanistan. Specifically, it examines the impact of eradication policies when opium is used as a means of obtaining credit, and when the crops are produced in sharecropping arrangements. The results indicate that both these features are likely to affect the outcome of eradication policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Nationalekonomi, Umeå universitet, 2010. 25 p.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 810
Keyword
Smallholder farming, Public policy, Informal risk strategies, Microcredit, Opium eradication, Development economics, Food policy
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33854 (URN)978-91-7459-022-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-06-04, Samhällsvetarhuset sal s305, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2010-05-14 Created: 2010-05-07 Last updated: 2012-02-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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