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Towards ionic liquid fractionation of lignocellulosics for fermentable sugars
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2010 (English)In: Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, ISSN 0576-9787, Vol. 44, no 4-6, 187-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study investigates wood fractionation through ionic liquid (IL) mediated pretreatment, for obtaining simple fermentable sugars, namely oligo- and monosaccharides, and in particular hexoses (andpentoses). The study focuses on softwood, Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) and Norway Spruce (Picea abies), exposed to ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (EmimCl). Since both EmimCl and the monosaccharides are water-soluble and dissolve readily in similar solvents, the separation of this hydrophilic IL from sugars is difficult. Moreover, the analytics of monosaccharides released from lignocellulosics with the help of EmimCl is challenging. Sufficiently diluted samples, with low enough EmimCl concentrations, tolerated by GC sugar columns, can be also analyzed by GC. The results obtained suggest that some IL-tolerating HPLC columns can be utilized for a quantitative determination of monosaccharides. However, frequently, these columns have low separation ability for monosaccharides and, consequently, the retention time values are very close to each other. So far, the best results on HPLC utilization were obtained with isocratic elution, using a refractive index detector and a diode array UV detector in series.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 44, no 4-6, 187-195 p.
Keyword [en]
ionic liquid fractionation, lignocellulosics, monosaccharide, bioethanol
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-34201ISI: 000279985200009OAI: diva2:319914
Available from: 2010-05-20 Created: 2010-05-20 Last updated: 2015-10-05Bibliographically approved

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Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka
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