What is the benefit of a high intensive exercise program?: A randomized controlled trial
2010 (English)In: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 12, no 3, 115-124 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of the study was to evaluate a high intensive exercise program in stroke subjects with risk of falls regarding balance, activities of daily life, falls efficacy, number of falls and lifestyle activities. The intervention program contained high intensity functional exercises (HIFE) implemented to real-life situations together with education on falls and security aspects. This was a single-center, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. Consecutive >55-year-old patients with risk of falls were enrolled and randomized 3–6 months after first or recurrent stroke to the intervention group (IG, n=15) or to the control group (CG, n=19) who received group discussions about hidden dysfunctions after stroke. Outcomes were Berg Balance Scale (BBS) primarily, Barthel Index (BI), Falls Efficacy Scale – International (FES-I) and number of falls secondarily and Frenchay Activities Index last 3 months (FAI-3) tertially. Assessments were done at baseline, post-intervention, 3- and 6-month follow-up by two physiotherapists and one nurse blinded to group allocation. Generalized Estimating Equations with Repeated-measure statistics were used to analyze the data. There were no significant differences between the IG and the CG regarding balance (BBS). BI at 6 months and FES-I post-intervention and 3 months follow-up showed significant improvement in the IG compared with the CG (p<0.05). Number of falls and FAI-3 were without significant change. This study suggests that our program consisting of HIFE implemented in real-life situations together with educational discussions may improve performance of everyday life activities and improve falls efficacy in stroke subjects with risk of falls.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 12, no 3, 115-124 p.
Accidental falls, activities of daily life, cerebrovascular disorders, exercise, rehabilitation
Research subject Physiotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-33913DOI: 10.3109/14038196.2010.491555OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-33913DiVA: diva2:319994