Aqueous humor lidocaine concentrations in topical and intracameral anesthesia
1998 (English)In: Journal of cataract and refractive surgery, ISSN 0886-3350, E-ISSN 1873-4502, Vol. 24, no 12, 1546-1647 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: To assess aqueous humor lidocaine concentrations in 2 common regimens of topical anesthesia and after intracameral injection of the anesthetic agent. SETTING: University hospital eye clinic. METHODS: Twenty patients having routine cataract surgery were randomized into 3 groups: 1 given 3 drops of lidocaine 4% before surgery; 1 given 6 drops; 1 given 3 drops plus an intracameral injection of 0.1 mL lidocaine 1%. Lidocaine concentration was measured in aqueous humor samples taken before surgery. RESULTS: With 3 drops, aqueous lidocaine concentration was 1.4 micrograms/mL +/- 0.5 (SD) and with 6 drops, 4.3 +/- 1.5 micrograms/mL (P = .0015). With an intracameral injection, it was 341.8 +/- 152.6 micrograms/mL. CONCLUSION: Measurable amounts of lidocaine entered the anterior chamber in topical anesthesia, and more entered when more drops were given. It is likely that concentrations in this range could anesthetize the iris, but they are far lower than concentrations after an intracameral injection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 24, no 12, 1546-1647 p.
Cataract, lidocaine, intracameral anesthesia
Research subject Ophtalmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-34337PubMedID: 9850897Local ID: 744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-34337DiVA: diva2:320685