Internal control reporting and accounting quality: Insight "comply-or-explain" internal control regime
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Nowadays, there exist two reporting regimes, rules-based and principle-based (comply-or-explain). In the rules-based environment, researchers have studied the relationship between internal control quality and accounting quality. Prior studies have suggested that reports on internal control are an effective way for investors to evaluate the quality of the firm‟s internal control. By having a sound system of internal control, it creates reliance upon the firm‟s financial reporting. Therefore, the condition of internal control has direct connection to the investors‟ decision making. In U.S., where the corporate governance has been known to be typically rules-based, most researches have shown a positive relationship between internal control reporting and accounting quality. In the comply-or-explain reporting regime, there has only been one research as far as we know, that investigates the relationship between internal control reporting and accounting quality. The research took place in Netherlands; their study provided positive association between internal control reporting quality and accounting quality, particularly earnings quality. The result is consistent with other research in rules-based regime. The Swedish code has been enacted for five years and it is in the same regime as Netherlands. However, under current Swedish code, we are not aware of any empirical research that has taken place to address the effectiveness of the code. Therefore, we conducted the study with 152 firms listed on Swedish NASDAQ OMXS to test internal control reporting quality and accounting quality. We used proxies for internal control reporting quality: effectiveness statement of internal control, internal control reporting score and internal control proportion. Simultaneously, we use discretionary accruals as a proxy of accounting quality. Our result showed a negative significant relationship between internal control reporting score and discretionary accruals but this relationship is quite weak and sensitive. It is broken with the presence of one more variable in regression, such as size variable. The result could not give any evidence for relationships between either effectiveness statements or extent of internal control reporting with discretionary accruals. Although, the relationship between internal control reporting score and discretionary accruals is not tight, it still encourage the notion that firms with good internal control report will improve their accounting quality. Our research contributes knowledge to wide-range of concerned parties. Moreover, it also suggests valuable ideas for further studies in the same area.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 84 p.
corporate governance, internal control, internal control report, effectiveness statement, discretionary accruals, earnings management, ICRS, principle-based, rule-based, accounting scandal, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-34923OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-34923DiVA: diva2:326919
UppsokSocial and Behavioural Science, Law
Nilsson, Kerstin, studierektor