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Coping strategies, social support and responsibility in chemical intolerance
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2010 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 19, no 15/16, 2162-2173 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives. To study coping strategies, social support and responsibility for improvement in chemical intolerance (CI).

Background. Limited knowledge of CI among health professionals and lay persons places demands on the chemically intolerant individual’s coping strategies and perception of social support and ability to take responsibility for improvement. However, there is sparse literature on these issues in CI.

Design. A cross-sectional, questionnaire-based, quasi-experimental study.

Method. Fifty-nine persons with mild, 92 with moderate and 31 with severe CI participated by rating (i) usage and effectiveness of six problem- and six emotion-focused coping strategies, (ii) emotional, instrumental and informative support provided by various sources and (iii) society’s and the inflicted individual’s responsibility for improvement.

Results. The participants reported that the most commonly used and effective coping strategies were avoiding odorous/pungent environments and asking persons to limit their use of odorous/pungent substances (problem-focused strategies) as well as accepting the situation and reprioritising (emotion-focused strategies). High intolerance severity was associated with problemfocused coping strategies and relatively low intolerance with emotion-focused strategies. More emotional than instrumental and informative support was perceived, predominantly from the partner and other family members. Responsibility attributed to society was also found to increase from mild to moderate/severe intolerance.

Conclusions. Certain coping strategies are more commonly used and perceived as more effective than others in CI. However, intolerance severity plays a role regarding both coping strategies and responsibility. Emotional support appears to be the most available type of support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing Ltd , 2010. Vol. 19, no 15/16, 2162-2173 p.
Keyword [en]
idiopathic environmental intolerance, locus of control, multiple chemical sensitivity
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35165DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03264.xISI: 000279937600011OAI: diva2:332178
Available from: 2010-08-03 Created: 2010-08-03 Last updated: 2011-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Nordin, MariaAndersson, LinusNordin, Steven
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