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Radiation schedules in relation to obliteration and complications in hypofractionated conformal stereotactic radiotherapy of arteriovenous malformations
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
2010 (English)In: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, ISSN 1011-6125, E-ISSN 1423-0372, Vol. 88, no 1, 24-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: The purpose of this investigation was to assess the obliteration rate and complications following different radiation schedules of hypofractionated conformal stereotactic radiotherapy for cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). METHODS: Twenty-five patients were treated with 35 Gy in 5 fractions, whereas 31 patients were treated with 30-32.5 Gy (mean: 31.6 +/- 0.23 Gy) in 5 fractions. A complete angiographic follow-up is available for 40 patients. RESULTS: Thirty-seven out of 40 patients (92.5%) have so far shown obliteration of their AVMs after a mean time of 3.2 +/- 0.26 years (range: 2-8 years). The mean AVM volume in these patients was 8.2 +/- 1.0 cm(3) (range: 1.5-29 cm(3)). There was a higher rate of obliteration (88%) in patients treated with 35 Gy compared to those treated with < 35 Gy (78%), even if this was not statistically significant. There was a significantly shorter time to obliteration in patients treated with 35 Gy. All patients who experienced symptomatic radionecrosis belonged to the group treated with 35 Gy. CONCLUSION: A radiation schedule of 35 Gy in 5 fractions may be more effective than a radiation schedule of <35 (30-32.5) Gy in obliterating AVMs. This may, however, be at the price of an increased risk of symptomatic radionecrosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 88, no 1, 24-28 p.
Keyword [en]
Arteriovenous malformations, stereotactic radiotherapy, fractionation, linear particle accelerator
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35296DOI: 10.1159/000260076PubMedID: 19940546OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-35296DiVA: diva2:342927
Available from: 2010-08-11 Created: 2010-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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Lindvall, PeterBergström, PerBlomquist, MichaelBergenheim, A Tommy
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