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Capsule complication during cataract surgery: Retinal detachment after cataract surgery with capsule complication: Swedish Capsule Rupture Study Group report 4.
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2009 (English)In: Journal of cataract and refractive surgery, ISSN 0886-3350, E-ISSN 1873-4502, Vol. 35, no 10, 1699-1705 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: To study the incidence, characteristics, and results of retinal detachment (RD) after cataract surgery with a capsule complication.

SETTING: Ten ophthalmic surgery departments in Sweden.

METHODS: In this case-control study, data on cataract surgery cases with a capsule complication (study group) or with no complication (control group) in 2003 were extracted from the Swedish National Cataract Register. Patients with RD during a 3-year follow-up were identified.

RESULTS: The study group comprised 324 patients and the control group, 331 patients. Retinal detachment occurred in 13 study group patients, for a 3-year incidence of 4.0%. In the control group, 1 patient (0.3%) had RD. Multivariate analysis showed an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 14.8 for RD after capsule complication (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9-114; P = .01). Subgroup analysis of the study group using a binary logistic regression model showed that male sex (OR, 8.5; 95% CI, 1.7-43.8; P = .001) and lens remnants in the vitreous (OR, 14.4; 95% CI 2.6-78.8; P = .002) were additional risk factors. Axial myopia was significantly associated with an increased risk as a single factor but not as a multiple factor. In general, the final visual outcome for RD after a capsule complication was poor; 3 eyes had a visual acuity of 0.50 or better. Eight eyes (62%) had a final visual acuity worse than 0.10 and 6 eyes, 0.02 or worse.

CONCLUSIONS: The risk for RD after cataract surgery increased significantly when a capsule complication occurred, leading to poor final visual acuity in most cases.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2009. Vol. 35, no 10, 1699-1705 p.
Keyword [en]
cataract surgery, capsule complication
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35418DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2009.05.028PubMedID: 19781462Local ID: 744OAI: diva2:344159
Available from: 2010-08-18 Created: 2010-08-18 Last updated: 2010-12-14Bibliographically approved

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