Orthodontic treatment-related white spot lesions: a 14-year prospective quantitative follow-up, including bonding material assessment.
2010 (English)In: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, ISSN 0889-5406, E-ISSN 1097-6752, Vol. 138, no 2, 136.e1-8; discussion 136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
INTRODUCTION: White spots (WS) related to orthodontic treatment are severe cariologic and cosmetic complications, but they are shown to be partially reduced by remineralization or abrasion in short-term follow-ups. In this prospective study, we quantitatively analyzed changes in WS in general and in treatment-related white spot lesions (WSL) during orthodontic treatment and at a 12-year follow-up after treatment. In addition, we quantitatively compared the effects of an acrylic bonding material vs a glass ionomer cement (GIC) on WSL. METHODS: Sum areas of WS and WSL were calculated on scans of standardized photos of the vestibular surfaces of 4 teeth in consecutive orthodontic patients (median treatment time, 1.7 years) bonded with the 2 materials in a split-mouth design. Comparisons were made in 59 patients before treatment (BF), at debonding (T0), at 1 year (T1), and at 2 years (T2), and in 30 patients at a 12-year follow-up (T3) with the Friedman test followed by pairwise comparisons with the Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed rank test. Differences of the effects of acrylic vs GIC on the sum areas of WSL were tested for each observation period with the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Increases in the sum areas of WS and WSL from BF to T0 (P <0.001) were followed by significant decreases at T1 (P <0.001) and T2 (P <0.01 for WS; P <0.001 for WSL). Significant changes were also found in the sum areas for WS at T3 compared with T2 (P <0.01), but not for WSL (P = 0.328). The sum areas of WS and WSL at T3 did not return to BF levels (P <0.001). Sum areas of WSL were higher for surfaces bonded with acrylic compared with GIC for each observation period from BF to T2 (P >0.001), and from T2 to T3 (P >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Although significantly reduced during the 12-year follow-up and significantly lower with the GIC than the acrylic material at bonding, WSL are a cariologic and cosmetic problem for many orthodontic patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 138, no 2, 136.e1-8; discussion 136 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35649DOI: 10.1016/j.ajodo.2009.05.020ISI: 000280604700006PubMedID: 20691346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-35649DiVA: diva2:345861