Direct derivatization and rapid GC-MS screening of nerve agent markers in aqueous samples
2010 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, E-ISSN 1520-6882, Vol. 82, no 17, 7452-7459 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A rapid screening and identification method based on derivatization and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) has been developed for the detection of alkylphosphonic acids (APAs), the degradation products of organophosphorus nerve agents. The novel method described involves rapid (5 min) and direct derivatization of 25 muL aqueous sample using highly fluorinated phenyldiazomethane reagents (e.g., 1-(diazomethyl)-3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzene). The APA derivatives are then screened by GC-MS negative ion chemical ionization (NICI) and identified by electron ionization (EI) mode. The conditions for the derivatization were optimized using statistical experimental design and multivariate data analysis. Method robustness was evaluated using aqueous samples from an official OPCW Proficiency Test and all APAs present in the sample were conclusively identified. Limits of detection for rapid screening using SIM NICI were between 5 and 10 ng/mL APA in aqueous sample, and for identification using full scan EI 100 ng/mL.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 82, no 17, 7452-7459 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35700DOI: 10.1021/ac101604nISI: 000281306000055PubMedID: 20701266OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-35700DiVA: diva2:346339