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Designed fluorescent probes reveal interactions between Amyloid-β(1-40) Peptides and GM1 Gangliosides in Micelles and Lipid Vesicles
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2010 (English)In: Biophysical Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, E-ISSN 1542-0086, Vol. 99, no 5, 1510-1519 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A hallmark of the common Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the pathological conversion of its amphiphatic amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide into neurotoxic aggregates. In AD patients, these aggregates are often found to be tightly associated with neuronal G(M1) ganglioside lipids, suggesting an involvement of G(M1) not only in aggregate formation but also in neurotoxic events. Significant interactions were found between micelles made of newly synthesized fluorescent G(M1) gangliosides labeled in the polar headgroup or the hydrophobic chain and Abeta(1-40) peptide labeled with a BODIPY-FL-C1 fluorophore at positions 12 and 26, respectively. From an analysis of energy transfer between the different fluorescence labels and their location in the molecules, we were able to place the Abeta peptide inside G(M1) micelles, close to the hydrophobic-hydrophilic interface. Large unilamellar vesicles composed of a raftlike G(M1)/bSM/cholesterol lipid composition doped with labeled G(M1) at various positions also interact with labeled Abeta peptide tagged to amino acids 2 or 26. A faster energy transfer was observed from the Abeta peptide to bilayers doped with 581/591-BODIPY-C(11)-G(M1) in the nonpolar part of the lipid compared with 581/591-BODIPY-C(5)-G(M1) residing in the polar headgroup. These data are compatible with a clustering process of G(M1) molecules, an effect that not only increases the Abeta peptide affinity, but also causes a pronounced Abeta peptide penetration deeper into the lipid membrane; all these factors are potentially involved in Abeta peptide aggregate formation due to an altered ganglioside metabolism found in AD patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 99, no 5, 1510-1519 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-35865DOI: 10.1016/j.bpj.2010.06.043ISI: 000281721500021PubMedID: 20816063OAI: diva2:349777
Available from: 2010-09-08 Created: 2010-09-08 Last updated: 2011-08-29Bibliographically approved

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Mikhalyov, IOlofsson, AndersGröbner, GerhardJohansson, Lennart B-Å
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Department of ChemistryDepartment of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics
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