High prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among a Swedish cohort of patients with schizophrenia
2006 (English)In: International Clinical Psychopharmacology, ISSN 0268-1315, E-ISSN 1473-5857, Vol. 21, no 2, 93-98 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several cardiovascular risk factors have been linked to antipsychotic treatment and cardiovascular mortality is increased in these patients compared to the general population. The full metabolic syndrome (or its components) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disorders. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was investigated using a cross-sectional study design in a cohort of 269 patients, aged 20-69 years, with schizophrenia living in Northern Sweden, and was defined according to the criteria of the National Cholesterol Education program. The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 34.6% (95% CI = 28.8-40.3) and highest (43%; 95% CI = 32-53) for participants aged 40-49 years. Clozapine treated subjects reached the highest prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (48%; 95% CI = 34-62). The prevalence was similar for men (32.8%; 95% CI = 25.8-39.8) and women (38.0%; 95% CI = 27.9-48.2). Men had a high prevalence of hypertension (49.2%; 95% CI = 41.7-56.6) and women had high prevalence of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (40.2%; 95% CI = 30.0-50.4) and abdominal obesity (75.0%; 95% CI = 66.0-84.0). Subjects with the metabolic syndrome had significantly higher mean body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.001), HbA1c (P = 0.002), and fasting serum insulin (P < 0.001) compared to non-metabolic syndrome subject. Subjects with the metabolic syndrome had also significantly more often a positive history of cardiovascular diseases compared to non-metabolic syndrome subjects (25.8% versus 12.5%; P = 0.01). Of all study subjects 36.8% were obese (BMI > 30). These results clearly show that the metabolic syndrome and its components are highly prevalent in patients with schizophrenia. Physicians treating patients with schizophrenia are recommended to monitor the components included in the metabolic syndrome.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Clinical Neuroscience Publishers , 2006. Vol. 21, no 2, 93-98 p.
epidemiology, metabolic syndrome, prevalence, schizophrenia, syndrome X
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-36334PubMedID: 16421460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-36334DiVA: diva2:353955