Illness behavior in the acute phase of motor disability in neurological disease and in conversion disorder: a comparative study.
1998 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 44, no 6, 657-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sixty patients with a sudden onset of motor disability were assessed for illness behavior and depression. In 30 of the patients, etiology was attributed to a definite structural lesion. The remaining 30 patients were diagnosed as having conversion disorder. The Illness Behaviour Questionnaire (IBQ) and the Hamilton Rating Depression Scale (HRDS) were used as instruments for assessment. The mean HRDS score was significantly higher in the conversion group, indicating a higher degree of affective disease in these patients. According to the results of the IBQ, the patients with conversion disorder showed a higher degree of irritability, disease conviction, and phobic preoccupation, and also, to a greater extent, rejected psychological explanations for their symptoms. Denial was high in both patient groups, coexisting with affective symptoms in the conversion patients but not in the neurological patients. Although valuable information could be extracted from the IBQ, it was not found to be a reliable instrument for distinguishing between psychogenic and organic causes of motor disability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 44, no 6, 657-66 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-36443PubMedID: 9678747OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-36443DiVA: diva2:354202