Premenstrual symptoms - severity, duration and typology: an international cross-sectional study
2009 (English)In: Menopause international, ISSN 1754-0453, Vol. 15, no 3, 120-126 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: Determine women's experiences of premenstrual symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. Sample In all, 4085 women aged 14-49 years recruited by random telephone digit dialing in France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain, UK, Brazil and Mexico. Main outcome measures Telephone interview checklist of 23 premenstrual symptoms, sociodemographic variables and lifestyle variables. RESULTS: The most prevalent symptoms were abdominal bloating, cramps or abdominal pain, breast tenderness, irritability and mood swings. Severity of symptoms is directly proportional to duration (R = 0.79). Hierarchical clustering found the following mental and physical domains and a typology: 'Mild' type (40.8%) with minimal symptoms; 'Moderate M' type (28.7%) with moderately severe, mostly mental symptoms; 'Moderate P' type (21.9%) with moderately severe, mostly physical symptoms; and 'Severe' type (8.6%) with severe intensity of both mental and physical symptoms. Multiple stepwise regression found significant effects on symptom duration severity index of age (linear and quadratic effects), current smoking and country. CONCLUSIONS: Further research is needed on the impact of premenstrual symptoms on quality of life, and whether a brief symptom list could be developed as a valid and reliable tool globally.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 15, no 3, 120-126 p.
Premenstrual symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, epidemiological
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject Obstetrics and Gynaecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-36803DOI: 10.1258/mi.2009.009030PubMedID: 19723682OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-36803DiVA: diva2:356378