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CD1d-dependent NKT cells play a protective role in acute and chronic arthritis models by ameliorating antigen-specific Th1 responses
Neuroinflammation Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden.
Neuroinflammation Unit, Biotech Research and Innovation Centre, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark .
Neuroinflammation Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Lund, Lund.
Neuroinflammation Unit, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Lund, Lund.
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2010 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, E-ISSN 1550-6606, Vol. 185, no 1, 345-356 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A protective and anti-inflammatory role for CD1d-dependent NKT cells (NKTs) has been reported in experimental and human autoimmune diseases. However, their role in arthritis has been unclear, with conflicting reports of CD1d-dependent NKTs acting both as regulatory and disease-promoting cells in arthritis. These differing modes of action might be due to genetic differences of inbred mice and incomplete backcrossing of gene-modified mice. We therefore put special emphasis on controlling the genetic backgrounds of the mice used. Additionally, we used two different murine arthritis models, Ag-induced arthritis (AIA) and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), to evaluate acute and chronic arthritis in CD1d knockout mice and mice depleted of NK1.1(+) cells. CD1d-deficient mice developed more severe AIA compared with wild-type littermates, with a higher degree of inflammation and proteoglycan depletion. Chronic arthritis in CIA was also worse in the absence of CD1d-dependent NKTs. Elevated levels of Ag-specific IFN-gamma production accompanied these findings rather than changes in IL-17alpha. Depletion of NK1.1(+) cells supported these findings in AIA and CIA. This report provides support for CD1d-dependent NKTs being suppressor cells in acute and chronic arthritis, likely via inhibition of arthritogenic Th1 cells. These results make CD1d-dependent NKTs an attractive target for therapeutic intervention.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 185, no 1, 345-356 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37213DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.0901693PubMedID: 20525883OAI: diva2:358378
Available from: 2010-10-21 Created: 2010-10-21 Last updated: 2010-12-07Bibliographically approved

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Olofsson, Katarina E
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