Local warming to reduce pain on peripheral intravenous cannula insertion: a randomised controlled study
2006 (English)In: Journal of advanced perioperative care, Vol. 2, no 3, 75-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Insertion of intravenous cannulas (IVCs) is one of the most commonly used invasiveprocedures in healthcare and can be perceived as very painful by the patient.The aim of thisstudy was to evaluate whether venous dilatation produced by local warming (LW) reducespain on peripheral IVC insertion.The study with a sample size of 125 patients was undertakenin a day care unit.Patients were randomised to an experimental group (n = 61) or a controlgroup (n = 64).The experimental group received LW during 60 seconds before cannulainsertion.The control group received no treatment.The intravenous catheter used was optiva,an 18 gauge over-the-needle catheter.Pain was measured with a 10cm visual analogue scale(VAS) with a possible pain score of 0–10.The results showed no statistical significancebetween the groups in mean pain, with 1.74 measured in the LW group versus 2.01 scored inthe control group.The percentage of patients who had a VAS >3 was 15.6% in the LW groupversus 22.9% in the control group.However, this difference was not statistically significant. Inconclusion, LW before peripheral IVC insertion appears not to have any pain-reducing effect.Altogether 20% of all the participants experienced the insertion as a painful procedure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 2, no 3, 75-79 p.
Local warming, Peripheral intravenous cannula, Pain, Venipuncture, Visual analogue scale
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37401OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-37401DiVA: diva2:360214