Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Local warming to reduce pain on peripheral intravenous cannula insertion: a randomised controlled study
Department of Health Sciences,Örebro University.
2006 (English)In: Journal of advanced perioperative care, Vol. 2, no 3, 75-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Insertion of intravenous cannulas (IVCs) is one of the most commonly used invasiveprocedures in healthcare and can be perceived as very painful by the patient.The aim of thisstudy was to evaluate whether venous dilatation produced by local warming (LW) reducespain on peripheral IVC insertion.The study with a sample size of 125 patients was undertakenin a day care unit.Patients were randomised to an experimental group (n = 61) or a controlgroup (n = 64).The experimental group received LW during 60 seconds before cannulainsertion.The control group received no treatment.The intravenous catheter used was optiva,an 18 gauge over-the-needle catheter.Pain was measured with a 10cm visual analogue scale(VAS) with a possible pain score of 0–10.The results showed no statistical significancebetween the groups in mean pain, with 1.74 measured in the LW group versus 2.01 scored inthe control group.The percentage of patients who had a VAS >3 was 15.6% in the LW groupversus 22.9% in the control group.However, this difference was not statistically significant. Inconclusion, LW before peripheral IVC insertion appears not to have any pain-reducing effect.Altogether 20% of all the participants experienced the insertion as a painful procedure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 2, no 3, 75-79 p.
Keyword [en]
Local warming, Peripheral intravenous cannula, Pain, Venipuncture, Visual analogue scale
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37401OAI: diva2:360214
Available from: 2010-11-05 Created: 2010-11-02 Last updated: 2010-12-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nilsson, Ulrica

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 76 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link