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Modelling and experimental verification of cellulose substitution kinetics
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry.
2011 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Science, ISSN 0009-2509, E-ISSN 1873-4405, Vol. 66, no 2, 171-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cellulose and starch derivatives are often prepared by substitution reactions to the hydroxyl groups (OH-2, OH-3 and OH-6) of the corresponding anhydroglucose units. A general kinetic model for the substitution of cellulose and starch was developed. The model assumes different reactivities of the hydroxyl groups and a decrease in the reactivity as the substitution proceeds. Both phenomena are taken into account in the model. The model predicts the detailed distribution of the different mono (2, 3, 6)-, di (23, 26, 36)—and trisubstituted (236) units as a function of the reaction time. The classical Spurlin distribution is obtained as a special case of the general model. Numerical strategies were developed for the solution and computer simulation of the model. Simulation results were shown to be valid for various reactivity ratios of the hydroxyl groups. The modelling concept was verified with experimental data obtained for carboxymethylation of cellulose. It should be emphasized, however, that the same general approach is also applicable in studies of any hemicelluloses or oligo- or monosaccharides. The detailed data, which revealed the non-uniform reactivities of the different hydroxyl groups and the decline of the substitution rate with time, were successfully described by the mathematical model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 66, no 2, 171-182 p.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose substitution, Kinetics, Modeling, Non-uniform reactivity, Product distribution, Simulation
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37452DOI: 10.1016/j.ces.2010.10.013OAI: diva2:360578
Available from: 2010-11-03 Created: 2010-11-03 Last updated: 2012-08-08Bibliographically approved

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Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka
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