Effects of additions of DOC on pelagic biota in a clearwater system: results from a whole lake experiment in northern Sweden
2001 (English)In: Microbial Ecology, ISSN 0095-3628, E-ISSN 1432-184X, Vol. 42, no 3, 383-394 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An oligotrophic clearwater lake, initially characterized by a pronounced dominance of autotrophic phytoplankton and mostly by one species, the green alga Botryococcus, was subject to additions of dissolved organic carbon in the form of white sugar (sucrose) during two consecutive years. The hypothesis tested was that it is organic carbon per se, and not other possible effects of humic substances, that determines the differences in structure of the planktonic ecosystem between humic and clearwater lakes. The additions of DOC resulted in a significant increase in bacterial biomass and a decrease in the biomass of autotrophic phytoplankton. The biomass of mixotrophic and heterotrophic flagellates instead increased significantly, whereas no effects were found to propagate to higher trophic levels. As a result of the changes among biota, total planktonic biomass also decreased to a level typical of nearby humic lakes. We suggest that it is the carbon component of humic material and its utilization by bacterioplankton that determines the structure and function of the pelagic food web in humic lakes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 42, no 3, 383-394 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37610DOI: 10.1007/s002480000101ISI: 000171961000017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-37610DiVA: diva2:369381