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Sugar hydrogenation over a Ru/C catalyst
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2011 (English)In: Journal of chemical technology and biotechnology (1986), ISSN 0268-2575, E-ISSN 1097-4660, Vol. 86, no 5, 658-668 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: In recent years, exploitation of renewable resources has gained considerable attention. In this respect, polyols derived from the hydrogenation of sugar molecules are versatile molecules with a variety of uses, such as low-caloric sweeteners. The hydrogenation of D-maltose, D-galactose, L-rhamnose and L-arabinose was carried out on a finely dispersed Ru/activated carbon catalyst with the objective of studying the kinetics of the production of the corresponding polyols. The reactions were carried out in a stirred tank reactor at temperatures ranging from 90 to 130 °C and hydrogen pressures from 40 to 60 bar.

RESULTS: Sugar conversions up to 100% were achieved. Some by-product formation affecting the quality of the selectivity was also observed at elevated operating conditions. The catalyst was characterized by scanning electron microcopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) and nitrogen physisorption. Kinetic models based on the Langmuir Hinshelwood assumptions were proposed for the reactions and a nonlinear regression was performed to obtain the numerical values of the kinetic parameters.

CONCLUSIONS: The kinetic models predicted well the sugar hydrogenation process and the kinetic parameters were established. The model can be used to predict the behaviour of batchwise operating slurry reactors. Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society of Chemical Industry , 2011. Vol. 86, no 5, 658-668 p.
Keyword [en]
D-maltose, D-galactose, L-rhamnose, L-arabinose, hydrogenation, ruthenium catalyst, reduction, kinetic modeling
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-37898DOI: 10.1002/jctb.2565OAI: diva2:370951
Available from: 2010-11-18 Created: 2010-11-18 Last updated: 2011-09-22Bibliographically approved

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Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka
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Department of Chemistry
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