Components of executive functioning in metamemory
2010 (English)In: Applied neuropsychology, ISSN 0908-4282, Vol. 17, no 4, 289-298 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study examined metamemory in relation to three basic executive functions (set shifting, working memory updating, and response inhibition) measured as latent variables. Young adults (Experiment 1) and middle-aged adults (Experiment 2) completed a set of executive functioning tasks and the Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). In Experiment 1, source recall and face recognition tasks were included as indicators of objective memory performance. In both experiments, analyses of the executive functioning data yielded a two-factor solution, with the updating and inhibition tasks constituting a common factor and the shifting tasks a separate factor. Self-reported memory problems showed low predictive validity, but subjective and objective memory performance were related to different components of executive functioning. In both experiments, set shifting, but not updating and inhibition, was related to PRMQ, whereas source recall showed the opposite pattern of correlations in Experiment 1. These findings suggest that metamemorial judgments reflect selective effects of executive functioning and that individual differences in mental flexibility contribute to self-beliefs of efficacy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Psychology Press, Taylor and Francis Group , 2010. Vol. 17, no 4, 289-298 p.
executive functioning, metamemory, task shifting
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-38437DOI: 10.1080/09084282.2010.525090ISI: 000285196200008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-38437DiVA: diva2:378043