Application of the two-dose-rate method for general recombination correction for liquid ionization chambers in continuous beams
2011 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 56, no 2, 299-314 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A method to correct for the general recombination losses for liquid ionization chambers in continuous beams has been developed. The proposed method has been derived from Greening's theory for continuous beams and is based on measuring the signal from a liquid ionization chamber and an air filled monitor ionization chamber at two different dose rates. The method has been tested with two plane parallel liquid ionization chambers in a continuous radiation x-ray beam with a tube voltage of 120 kV and with dose rates between 2 and 13 Gy min-1. The liquids used as sensitive media in the chambers were isooctane (C8H18) and tetramethylsilane (Si(CH3)4). The general recombination effect was studied using chamber polarizing voltages of 100, 300, 500, 700 and 900 V for both liquids. The relative standard deviation of the results for the collection efficiency with respect to general recombination was found to be a maximum of 0.7 % for isooctance and 2.4 % for tetramethylsilane. The results are in excellent agreement with Greening's theory for collection efficiencies over 90 %. The measured and corrected signals from the liquid ionization chambers used in this work are in very good agreement with the air filled monitor chambers with respect to signal to dose linearity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 56, no 2, 299-314 p.
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-38507DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/56/2/001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-38507DiVA: diva2:378729