Combustion characterization of rapeseed meal and possible combustion applications
2009 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 23, no 8, 3930-3939 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A future shortage of biomass fuel can be foreseen. The production of rapeseed oil for a number of purposes is increasing, among others, for biodiesel production. A byproduct from the oil extraction process is rapeseed meal (RM), presently used as animal feed. Further increases in supply will make fuel use an option. Several energy companies have shown interest but have been Cautious because of the scarcity of data on fuel properties, which led to the present study. Combustion-relevant properties of RM from several producers have been determined. The volatile fraction (74 +/- 0.06%(wt ds)) is comparable to wood; the moisture content (6.2-11.8%(wt)) is lows and the ash content (7.41 +/- 0.286%(wt) (ds)) is high compared to most other biomass fuels. The lower heating value is 18.2 +/- 0.3 MJ/kg (dry basis). In comparison to other biomass fuels, the chlorine content is low (0.02-0.05%(wt ds)) and the sulfur content is high (0.67-0.74%(wt ds)). RM has high contents of nitrogen (5.0-6.4%(wt) (ds)) phosphorus (1.12-1.23%(wt) (ds)) and potassium (1.2-1.4%(wt) (ds)). Fuel-specific combustion properties of typical RM were determined through combustion tests. with an emphasis oil gas emissions, ash formation, and potential ash-related operational problems. Softwood bark was chosen as a suitable and representative co-combustion (woody) fuel. RM was added to the bark at two levels: 10 and 30%(wt) (ds). These mixtures were pelletized, and so was RM without bark (for durability mixed With cutter shavings, contributing 1%(wt) of the ash). Each of these fuels was combusted in a 5 kW fluidized bed and an underfed pellet burner (to simulate grate combustion). Pure RM was combusted in a powder burner. Emissions of NO and SO, were high for all combustion tests, requiring applications with flue gas cleaning, economically viable only at large scale. Emissions of HCl were relatively low, Temperatures for initial bed agglomeration in the fluidized-bed tests were high for RM compared to many other agricultural fuels, thereby indicating that RM could be an attractive fuel from a bed agglomeration point of view. The results of grate combustion Suggest that slagging is not likely to be severe for RM, pure or mixed with other fuels. Fine-mode particles from fluidized-bed combustion and grate combustion mainly contained sulfates of potassium, suggesting that the risk of problems caused by deposit formation should be moderate. The chlorine concentration of the particles was reduced when RM was added to bark, potentially lowering the risk of high-temperature corrosion. Particle emissions from powder combustion of RM were 17 times higher than for wood powder, and the fine-mode fraction contained mainly K-phosphates known to cause deposits, suggesting that powder combustion of RM should be used With Caution. A possible use of RM is as a sulfur-containing additive to biomass fuels rich in Cl and K for avoiding ash-related operational problems in fluidized beds and grate combustors originated from high KCl concentrations in the fuel gases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2009. Vol. 23, no 8, 3930-3939 p.
Physical Sciences Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-38567DOI: 10.1021/ef900308rISI: 000269088300014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-38567DiVA: diva2:379632