Slagging characteristics during combustion of woody biomass pellets made from a range of different forestry assortments
2010 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 24, no 6, 3456-3461 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, multivariate methods were used to select representative raw materials of the pellet assortments prior to combustion. The fuels were selected to form a range of expected slagging tendencies. During combustion, temperatures and O-2, CO, NO, and SO2 were measured continuously. The deposits (i.e., slag and bottom ash) were quantified after every experiment and collected for analysis to identify the crystalline phases and to study the morphology and elemental composition respectively. As expected, the slagging was most severe for the whole-tree assortments because of their content of branches, foliage, and twigs. In the most severe case over three-quarters of the total amount of ash melted to form slag. This study indicates that certain concentrations of silicon, inherent in the fuel but also as silicates from contamination, together with alkali metals, mainly potassium, are prerequisites for the initiation of and progress of slag formation. Generally the concentrations of silicon and potassium are low in stemwood but higher in bark, foliage, and living tissues of the tree. Also, the contamination from sand and/or soil is present in the bark and foliage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 6, 3456-3461 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-38562DOI: 10.1021/ef901571cISI: 000278851200025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-38562DiVA: diva2:379638