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Disturbed right ventricular diastolic function in patients with systemic 14 sclerosis - A Doppler tissue imaging study
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2005 (English)In: Chest, ISSN 0012-3692, E-ISSN 1931-3543, Vol. 128, 755-763 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Cardiopulmonary involvement in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) carries a poor prognosis, mainly due to pulmonary hypertension and tight-heart failure. To date, light ventricular (RV) involvement has not been studied in detail. We therefore assessed RV function in patients with SSc and related the findings to the clinical features of the disease. Method: Twenty-six consecutive patients (21 women) with SSc (mean age, 56 15 years [+/- SD]) and 25 healthy, age-matched control subjects (21 women) were studied. Doppler echocardiography including Doppler tissue imaging was used to evaluate cardiac function. Pulmonary function was also studied. Results: Compared with control subjects, RV free wall thickness (5.8 +/- 1.7 mm vs 3.7 +/- 1.1 mm, p < 0.001) and right atrial (RA) systolic area (15.9 +/- 3.7 cm(2) vs 13.0 +/- 2.3 cm(2), P < 0.01) were increased in patients with SSc, while the global early diastolic/atrial component velocity ratio was reduced (1.2 +/- 0.4 vs 1.7 +/- 0.6, p < 0.01). The global isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) [64 23 ms vs 39 +/- 13 ms, p < 0.001] and regional IVRT (83 +/- 40 ins vs 46 +/- 24 ms, p < 0.001) were prolonged in patients vs control subjects, whereas the RV global filling time was reduced (454 +/- 122 ins vs 548 104 ins, p < 0.01). RV systolic function and pulmonary pressures at rest were similar in the two groups, but the pulmonary artery acceleration time was reduced (119 +/- 34 ins vs 141 +/- 29 ins, p < 0.05) in patients compared to control subjects. Left ventricular function did not differ between the two groups. Conclusion: Patients with SSc exhibit altered RV diastolic function together with an increase in RV wall thickness and RA area. These findings appear to be early markers of RV disturbance, probably in response to intermittent pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 128, 755-763 p.
Keyword [en]
diastolic function; Doppler tissue imaging; echocardiography; right ventricle; systemic sclerosis
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39116OAI: diva2:389001
Available from: 2011-01-18 Created: 2011-01-18 Last updated: 2011-01-18

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