Brachydactyly type A1 associated with unusual radiological findings and a novel Arg158Cys mutation in the Indian hedgehog (IHH) gene
2009 (English)In: European Journal of Medical Genetics, ISSN 1769-7212, E-ISSN 1878-0849, Vol. 52, no 5, 297-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Brachydactyly type A1 (BDA1; MIM 112500) is characterized by shortness or absence of the middle phalanx of the hands and feet. The condition is caused by heterozygous mutations in the Indian hedgehog (IHH) gene or a yet unidentified gene on chromosome 5p13. We investigated six affected members of a large Swedish family segregating autosomal dominant brachymesophalangia. Affected individuals show hypoplasia of the ulnar styloid processes, ulna minus, osteoarthritis, normal length of all distal phalanges and shortening or absence of the middle phalanges. Stationary ossicles or sesamoid bones were observed at the metacarpal heads in all patients. Genetic analysis of the family showed that the IHH-gene was linked to the disease (Z(max) 3.42 at theta 0.00) and sequence analysis of IHH revealed a novel c.472C > T transition in all affected family members. The mutation results in a p.158Arg > Cys substitution located in the highly conserved amino-terminal domain of IHH. This domain is of importance for the interaction between IHH and the Patched receptor. Our combined findings add radiological findings to the BDA1 phenotype and confirm a critical functional domain of IHH.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2009. Vol. 52, no 5, 297-302 p.
Brachydactyly, Radiology, BDA1, IHH-gene, Mutation
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39250DOI: 10.1016/j.ejmg.2009.05.008PubMedID: 19464397OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-39250DiVA: diva2:389433