Projections of the effects of climate change on allergic asthma: the contribution of aerobiology
2010 (English)In: Allergy. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0105-4538, E-ISSN 1398-9995, Vol. 65, no 9, 1073-1081 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Climate change is unequivocal and represents a possible threat for patients affected by allergic conditions. It has already had an impact on living organisms, including plants and fungi with current scenarios projecting further effects by the end of the century. Over the last three decades, studies have shown changes in production, dispersion and allergen content of pollen and spores, which may be region- and species-specific. In addition, these changes may have been influenced by urban air pollutants interacting directly with pollen. Data suggest an increasing effect of aeroallergens on allergic patients over this period, which may also imply a greater likelihood of the development of an allergic respiratory disease in sensitized subjects and exacerbation of symptomatic patients. There are a number of limitations that make predictions uncertain, and further and specifically designed studies are needed to clarify current effects and future scenarios. We recommend: More stress on pollen/spore exposure in the diagnosis and treatment guidelines of respiratory and allergic diseases; collection of aerobiological data in a structured way at the European level; creation, promotion and support of multidisciplinary research teams in this area; lobbying the European Union and other funders to finance this research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 65, no 9, 1073-1081 p.
allergic diseases;climate change;environment;pollen;spores
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39334DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2010.02423.xISI: 000280651000001PubMedID: 20560904OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-39334DiVA: diva2:390796