Sociocultural disadvantage, traumatic life events, and psychiatric symptoms in preadolescent children
2009 (English)In: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, ISSN 0002-9432, E-ISSN 1939-0025, Vol. 79, no 3, 387-397 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Previous research has demonstrated impact of psychosocial adversity on the mental health of children. This cross-sectional study examined specific influences of psychosocial adversity on internalizing versus externalizing symptoms, as explained by relative neighborhood disadvantage, sociocultural disadvantage, and exposure to interpersonal and non-interpersonal traumatic life events. Participants included 258 children aged 6 to 12 years from two Swedish elementary schools located in two socioeconomically distinct neighborhood settings. Information was obtained from their parents by means of questionnaires (a demographic form including information about parental occupation and country of origin, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Life Incidence of Traumatic Events checklist). Neighborhood differences in mental health were explained by variability in psychosocial adversity. While controlling for gender, age, and the other symptom dimension, sociocultural disadvantage was associated with internalizing but not with externalizing symptoms. In contrast, traumatic life events and especially interpersonal traumas were related to externalizing but not to internalizing symptoms. These findings provide some support for specificity of psychosocial adversities in the impact on child mental health
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2009. Vol. 79, no 3, 387-397 p.
stressor-outcome specificity, traumatic life events, sociocultural disadvantage, mental health, children
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39486DOI: 10.1037/a0016559OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-39486DiVA: diva2:392920