Trans-catheter aortic valve implantation: early recovery of left and preservation of right ventricular function
2011 (English)In: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, ISSN 1569-9293, E-ISSN 1569-9285, Vol. 12, no 1, 35-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study aimed to assess the early effect of trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function in severe aortic stenosis (AS) patients. Twenty AS patients (age 79±6 years) were examined before, one week and six weeks after TAVI using Doppler echocardiography. LV ejection fraction (EF), long-axis [mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE)] and RV long-axis [tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE)] function, septal radial motion were studied. Results were compared with 30 AS patients before and one week after aortic valve replacement (AVR) as well as 30 normals (reference group). Before TAVI, LVEF was reduced and E/A was higher than the reference and AVR groups (P<0.05 for all). MAPSE, TAPSE and septal motion were equally reduced in TAVI and AVR patients (P<0.05 for all). One week after the TAVI, EF increased in patients with values <50% before the procedure. In contrast, AVR resulted in reversed septal motion (P<0.001) and depressed TAPSE (P<0.001). The extent of reversed septal motion correlated with that of TAPSE in the patients group as a whole after procedures (r=0.78, P<0.001). Six weeks after TAVI, RV function remained unchanged, but LVEF increased and E/A decreased (P<0.05 for both). Thus, TAVI procedure results in significant early improvement of LV systolic and diastolic function particularly in patients with reduced EF and preserves RV systolic function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 12, no 1, 35-39 p.
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39543DOI: 10.1510/icvts.2010.251348PubMedID: 20956401OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-39543DiVA: diva2:393600