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Trans-catheter aortic valve implantation: early recovery of left and preservation of right ventricular function
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Cardiology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Cardiology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Cardiology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Surgery.
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2011 (English)In: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, ISSN 1569-9293, E-ISSN 1569-9285, Vol. 12, no 1, 35-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study aimed to assess the early effect of trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) on right (RV) and left ventricular (LV) function in severe aortic stenosis (AS) patients. Twenty AS patients (age 79±6 years) were examined before, one week and six weeks after TAVI using Doppler echocardiography. LV ejection fraction (EF), long-axis [mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE)] and RV long-axis [tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE)] function, septal radial motion were studied. Results were compared with 30 AS patients before and one week after aortic valve replacement (AVR) as well as 30 normals (reference group). Before TAVI, LVEF was reduced and E/A was higher than the reference and AVR groups (P<0.05 for all). MAPSE, TAPSE and septal motion were equally reduced in TAVI and AVR patients (P<0.05 for all). One week after the TAVI, EF increased in patients with values <50% before the procedure. In contrast, AVR resulted in reversed septal motion (P<0.001) and depressed TAPSE (P<0.001). The extent of reversed septal motion correlated with that of TAPSE in the patients group as a whole after procedures (r=0.78, P<0.001). Six weeks after TAVI, RV function remained unchanged, but LVEF increased and E/A decreased (P<0.05 for both). Thus, TAVI procedure results in significant early improvement of LV systolic and diastolic function particularly in patients with reduced EF and preserves RV systolic function.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 12, no 1, 35-39 p.
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39543DOI: 10.1510/icvts.2010.251348PubMedID: 20956401OAI: diva2:393600
Available from: 2011-01-31 Created: 2011-01-31 Last updated: 2014-12-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Effect of valve replacement for aortic stenosis on ventricular function
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of valve replacement for aortic stenosis on ventricular function
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

BackgroundAortic stenosis (AS) is the commonest valve disease in the West. Aortic valve replacement (AVR) remains the only available management for AS and results in improved symptoms and recovery of ventricular functions. In addition, it is well known that AVR results in disruption of LV function mainly in the form of reversal of septal motion as well as depression of right ventricular (RV) systolic function. The aim of this thesis was to study, in detail, the early and mid-term response of ventricular function to AVR procedures (surgical and TAVI) as well as post operative patients’ exercise capacity.

MethodsWe studied LV and RV function by Doppler echocardiography and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) in the following 4 groups; (1) 30 severe AS patients (age 62±11 years, 19 male) with normal LV ejection fraction (EF) who underwent AVR, (2) 20 severe AS patients (age 79±6 years, 14 male) who underwent TAVI, (3) 30 healthy controls (age 63±11 years, 16 male), (4) 21 healthy controls (age 57±9 years, 14 male) who underwent exercise echocardiography.

Results: After one week of TAVI, the septal radial motion and RV tricuspid annulus peak systolic excursion (TAPSE) were not different from before, while surgical AVR had significantly reversed septal radial motion and TAPSE dropped by 70% compared to before. The extent of the reversed septal motion correlated with that of TAPSE (r=0.78, p<0.001) in the patients as a whole after AVR and TAVI (Study I). Compared with controls, the LV twist function was increased in AS patients before and normalized after 6 months of surgical AVR. In controls, the LV twist correlated with LV fractional shortening (r=0.81, p<0.001), a relationship which became weak in patients before (r=0.52, p<0.01) and after AVR (r=0.34, p=ns) (Study II). After 6 months of surgical AVR, the reversed septal radial motion was still significantly lower than before. The septal peak displacement also decreased and its time became prolonged. In contrast, the LV lateral wall peak displacement increased and the time to peak displacement was early. The accentuated lateral wall peak displacement correlated with the septal peak displacement time delay (r=0.60, p<0.001) and septal-lateral time delay (r=0.64, p<0.001) (Study III). In 21 surgical AVR patients who performed exercise echocardiography, the LV function was normal at rest but different from controls with exercise. At peak exercise, oxygen consumption (pVO2) was lower in patients than controls. Although patients could achieve cardiac output (CO) and heart rate (HR) similar to controls at peak exercise, the LV systolic and early diastolic myocardial velocities and strain rate as well as their delta changes were significantly lower than controls. pVO2 correlated with peak exercise LV myocardial function in the patients group only, and the systolic global longitudinal strain rate (GLSRs) at peak exercise was the only independent predictor of pVO2 in multivariate regression analysis (p=0.03) (Study IV).

Conclusion: Surgical AVR is an effective treatment for AS patients, but results in reversed septal radial motion and reduced TAPSE. The newly developed TAVI procedure maintains RV function which results in preservation of septal radial motion. In AS, the LV twist function is exaggerated, normalizes after AVR but loses its relationship with basal LV function. While the reversed septal motion results in decreased and delayed septal longitudinal displacement which is compensated for by the accentuated lateral wall displacement and the time early. These patients remain suffering from limited exercise capacity years after AVR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, 2011. 68 p.
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1442
Aortic stenosis, aortic valve replacement, echocardiography, speckle tracking, exercise echocardiography, ventricular function, septal radial motion, twist, displacement, strain, strain rate
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-46809 (URN)978-91-7459-274-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-10-14, sal 916, våning 9, UnodB9, Norrlands universitetssjukhus, Umeå, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2011-09-23 Created: 2011-09-15 Last updated: 2011-09-23Bibliographically approved

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