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Factor structure of the Farsi version of the ways of coping questionnaire
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Applied Social Psychology, ISSN 0021-9029, E-ISSN 1559-1816, Vol. 42, no 8, 2006-2018 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Despite burgeoning research on coping with stress and its crucial role on people's psychological and physical well-being, there is a dearth of psychometrically established instrument for use in Iran to measure coping. A Farsi translation of the Ways of Coping questionnaire (WOC) was administered to 739 participants from Tehran, Iran. The factor structure of the WOC was assessed with both explanatory and confirmatory factor analyses. A 7-factor structure model with some important similarities and differences to the original version from the United States was confirmed. The Farsi version of WOC was found to have good construct reliability and model fit and has considerable potential to be used in future coping research among Iranian populations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 42, no 8, 2006-2018 p.
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39636DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2012.00928.xISI: 000307383500010OAI: diva2:394566
Available from: 2011-02-03 Created: 2011-02-03 Last updated: 2012-10-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Client violence toward Iranian social workers: A national study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Client violence toward Iranian social workers: A national study
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction   Client violence toward social workers has become recognized as a common problem, and major concern has been raised with regard to its impacts on the workers’ practice, and physical and psychological health. More than half a century has passed since the social work profession was established in Iran, and yet client violence and the associated health-related consequences remain unexplored. This thesis aims to address this gap in knowledge.

Methods   A national survey was conducted involving 390 social workers from the Centres for Socially Injured People (CSIP), affiliated to the Social Affairs Department of the State Welfare Organization, Iran. The survey included self-administered questionnaires, namely, the Workplace Violence in the Health Sector questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28), the Ways of Coping questionnaire, the Burnout Measure, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale.

Results   A high proportion of CSIP social workers (67%) have experienced violence. Psychological violence was about three times more common than physical violence. A high tendency of not reporting psychological violence to managers/supervisors was found. Psychological violence was associated with poorer mental health. Social workers with experience of psychological violence were found to be more worried about occurrences of violent events. Worrying about violence was significantly correlated with poorer mental health. Active coping had a direct effect on health, suggesting a poorer health status with more frequent use of active coping. Burnout was experienced by 10.9% of social workers, and 17.4% were found to be at risk of developing burnout symptoms. Low self-esteem and experience of violence were associated with burnout.

Conclusion   The results suggest the importance of not neglecting cases of client violence and of putting the health and safety of social workers on top of the agenda. A victimized social worker with limited resources at work needs to note that coping skills may reduce the impact of stressors, not only by changing the stressors themselves, but also by changing how the social worker responds to them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, Department of Social Work, 2011. 38 p.
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 68
Social worker, Client violence, Mental health, Coping, Burnout, Iran
National Category
Social Work
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-50745 (URN)978-91-7459-346-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-01-27, Humanisthuset, Hörsal F, Umeå University, Umeå, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2011-12-21 Created: 2011-12-20 Last updated: 2011-12-22Bibliographically approved

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Padyab, MojganGhazinour, Mehdi
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