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Treatment head design for multileaf collimated high-energy electrons
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
1999 (English)In: Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, Vol. 26, no 10, 2161-2167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper describes how a conventional treatment head can be modified for use of multileaf collimated electron beams. Automatic and dynamic beam delivery are possible for both electrons and photons by using the computer controlled multileaf collimator (MLC) for both photon and electron beams. Thereby, the electron beams can be mixed more freely into the treatment to take advantage of the specific depth modulation characteristics of electrons. The investigation was based on Monte Carlo calculations using the software package BEAM. The physical parameters used in this optimization were the beam penumbra and the virtual/effective point source position. These parameters are essential for shaping beams, beam matching and for dosimetry calculations. The optimization was carried out by modifying a number of parameters: replacing the air atmosphere in the treatment head with helium, adding a helium bag below the MLC, changing the position of the scattering foils, modifying the monitor chamber, and adjusting the position of the MLC. The beam characteristics for some of these designs were found to fulfil our criteria for clinically useful beams down to at least 9 MeV. (C) 1999 American Association of Physicists in Medicine. [S0094-2405(99)00610-0].

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 26, no 10, 2161-2167 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39945ISI: 000083202300013OAI: diva2:396909
Available from: 2011-02-11 Created: 2011-02-11 Last updated: 2011-02-11

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