Electron contamination in clinical high energy photon beams
1996 (English)In: Medical physics (Lancaster), ISSN 0094-2405, Vol. 23, no 11, 1873-1881 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The electron contamination in photon beams has been investigated by means of contaminating lepton depth doses and dose profiles in different geometries with two 20 MV beams. Different components of this contamination have been investigated separately by systematically adding contamination to a ''clean'' reference field. At 20 MV, the air generated electrons were found to be almost negligible compared to the electrons originating from the accelerator head when measurements were performed in standard fields at SSDs between 80 and 120 cm. The total electron part of the depth dose curve was then almost the same, i.e., independent of SSD, when the collimator opening was held fixed. However, when different accessories such as a shaping block and different attenuating plates were located in the beam path below the collimators, a large SSD dependence of the electron contamination was noticed. A comparison was also made between two machines, one equipped with a multileaf collimator, with similar beam qualities at 20 MV. These measurements indicate that the interior view of the treatment head seen by the detector (mainly the flattening filter, monitor chamber, or other electron generating material) influences the magnitude of the electron contamination. When the collimator opening is decreased the electron contamination will also decrease as parts of the electron source will be shielded by the collimator blocks.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 23, no 11, 1873-1881 p.
radiotherapy, x−ray dosimetry, photon beams, electrons, radiation dose distributions, depth profiles, leptons, collimators, neoplasms, secondary beams
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39956DOI: 10.1118/1.597750ISI: A1996VU69100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-39956DiVA: diva2:396920