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Photon-beam quality specification by narrow-beam transmission measurements
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
1994 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 39, no 8, 1231-1245 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Radiation quality specifications in megavoltage photon beams are usually based on depth-dose measurements performed under reference conditions. Stopping-power ratios and various correction factors are then related to parameters such as TPR10(20), which are extracted from depth-dose measurements. Stopping-power ratio determinations based on this concept were shown to be in error by more than 2% at high energies. Furthermore, electrons generated in the treatment bead can, at high energies, contribute to the dose at a depth of 10 cm and thus significantly affect the TPR10(20) ratio. This method was further shown to be inadequate when the dose in other parts of the field than the reference point was to be measured with ionization chamber dosimetry. A new standardized device for determining photon beam quality based on half value layer (HVL) measurements in water was developed and thoroughly investigated in both a low-energy, (4 MV) and a high-energy beam. A relation between HVL and stopping-power ratios water-to-air was determined by comparative measurements with air ionization chambers and liquid-filled ionization chambers together with Fricke dosimetry. Furthermore, different radiation quality gradients in the photon fields for different types of field-flattening systems, and field-compensating methods were discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 39, no 8, 1231-1245 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-39960DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/39/8/004ISI: A1994PA85000004OAI: diva2:396926
Available from: 2011-02-11 Created: 2011-02-11 Last updated: 2011-02-18Bibliographically approved

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