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Carbon mineralization and pyrite oxidation in groundwater: importance for silicate weathering in boreal forest soils and stream base-flow chemistry
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. (Department of Forest Ecology and Management, SLU, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden ; Arcum)
Department of Forest Ecology and Management, SLU, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden.
Department of Geological Sciences, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden.
Department of Forest Ecology and Management, SLU, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden.
2011 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 26, no 3, 319-325 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

What role does mineralized organic C and sulfide oxidation play in weathering of silicate minerals in deep groundwater aquifers? In this study, how H2CO3, produced as a result of mineralization of organic matter during groundwater transport, affects silicate weathering in the saturated zone of the mineral soil along a 70 m-long boreal hillslope is demonstrated. Stream water measurements of base cations and δ18O are included to determine the importance of the deep groundwater system for downstream surface water. The results suggest that H2CO3 generated from organic compounds being mineralized during the lateral transport stimulates weathering at depths between 0.5 and 3 m in the soil. This finding is indicated by progressively increasing concentrations of base cations-, silica- and inorganic C (IC) in the groundwater along the hillslope that co-occur with decreasing organic C (OC) concentrations. Protons derived from sulfide oxidation appear to be an additional driver of the weathering process as indicated by a build-up of in the groundwater during lateral transport and a δ34S‰ value of +0.26–3.76‰ in the deep groundwater indicating S inputs from pyrite. The two identified active acids in the deep groundwater are likely to control the base-flow chemistry of streams draining larger catchments (>1 km2) as evident by δ18O signatures and base cation concentrations that overlap with that of the groundwater.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 26, no 3, 319-325 p.
National Category
Ecology Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40051DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2010.12.005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40051DiVA: diva2:397738
Available from: 2011-02-15 Created: 2011-02-15 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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