Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
An EKC-pattern in historical perspective: carbon dioxideemissions, technology, fuel prices and growth in Sweden1870–1997
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3293-2318
2002 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 42, no 2, 333-347 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) has been subject to research and debate since the early 1990s. This articleexamines the inverted-U trajectory of Swedish CO2 emissions during an extended time period beginning in 1870. Thebasis for the investigation is a structural time series approach that utilizes a stochastic trend as an indicator oftechnological and structural change, and GDP growth and changes in the price of fuel and cement price asindependent variables. Finally, the development of technological and structural change with respect to CO2 emissionsis interpreted within the context of growth regimes. The result suggests that the period 1920–1960, with high,sustained growth rates was associated with less technological and structural changes relating to CO2 emissions thanperiods with lower growth rates, such as the late 1800s and the post-1970 period. Furthermore, it is suggested thattime-specific technological clusters may affect EKC patterns.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 42, no 2, 333-347 p.
Keyword [en]
Environmental Kuznets Curve; Structural time series analysis; Environmental history; Economic history; Carbon dioxide emissions
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40211OAI: diva2:398317
Available from: 2011-02-17 Created: 2011-02-17 Last updated: 2015-03-05

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lindmark, Magnus
By organisation
Department of Economic History
In the same journal
Ecological Economics
Economic History

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 32 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link