An EKC-pattern in historical perspective: carbon dioxideemissions, technology, fuel prices and growth in Sweden1870–1997
2002 (English)In: Ecological Economics, ISSN 0921-8009, E-ISSN 1873-6106, Vol. 42, no 2, 333-347 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) has been subject to research and debate since the early 1990s. This articleexamines the inverted-U trajectory of Swedish CO2 emissions during an extended time period beginning in 1870. Thebasis for the investigation is a structural time series approach that utilizes a stochastic trend as an indicator oftechnological and structural change, and GDP growth and changes in the price of fuel and cement price asindependent variables. Finally, the development of technological and structural change with respect to CO2 emissionsis interpreted within the context of growth regimes. The result suggests that the period 1920–1960, with high,sustained growth rates was associated with less technological and structural changes relating to CO2 emissions thanperiods with lower growth rates, such as the late 1800s and the post-1970 period. Furthermore, it is suggested thattime-specific technological clusters may affect EKC patterns.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 42, no 2, 333-347 p.
Environmental Kuznets Curve; Structural time series analysis; Environmental history; Economic history; Carbon dioxide emissions
Research subject Economic History
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40211OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40211DiVA: diva2:398317