Anisotropic magnetism of graphite irradiated with medium-energy hydrogen and helium ions
2011 (English)In: Physical Review B Condensed Matter, ISSN 0163-1829, E-ISSN 1095-3795, Vol. 83, no 8, 085417-8 pages p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We have studied the changes in the magnetic behavior of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) samples subjected to medium-energy proton and helium irradiation. The variations of the ferromagneticlike magnetization curves with the irradiation dose have been studied for two configurations: magnetic fields parallel and perpendicular to graphitic planes. For high irradiation doses, the values of magnetization at saturation are close for both geometries. At low irradiation fluences an orientationally dependent magnetic response is obtained. Directional dependence of magnetization indicates that the magnetism in irradiated graphite is triggered by vertically aligned intrinsic carbon defects induced by irradiation. This physical picture has been verified by the observation of a local stray field near linear defects by means of magnetic force microscopy. Similar results obtained with hydrogen and helium ions confirm that the chemical nature of projectiles is not crucial for formation of ferromagnetic order in oriented graphite. The dependence of induced magnetic moment versus irradiation dose shows a maximum; the optimal dose is an order of magnitude less for helium ions than for protons, being in line with simulations showing that He+ generates 8 times more defects than H+. Raman studies indicate that the degradation of magnetic ordering at large irradiation doses occurs much earlier than graphite amorphization but coincides with the destruction of graphene sheet stacking.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
APS Physics , 2011. Vol. 83, no 8, 085417-8 pages p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40254DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.83.085417OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40254DiVA: diva2:398837