Improved rapid authentication of vanillin using δ13C and δ2H values
2010 (English)In: European Food Research and Technology, ISSN 1438-2377, E-ISSN 1438-2385, Vol. 231, no 6, 933-941 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Vanilla still remains one of the most important and widely used flavours in the food industry and is also extensively employed by fragrance and pharmaceutical manufacturing companies. Natural vanilla flavour, extracted from the pods of the tropic orchid vanilla, is considerably more expensive than synthetic vanillin. The disparity of prices between natural vanillin and that derived from other sources has given rise to many cases of fraudulent adulteration, and for more than 30 years, strenuous efforts have been made to authenticate sources of vanillin. Stable isotope analysis is one of the most powerful analytical tools to distinguish between natural vanillin and that originating from other sources. Recently, a rapid and precise method for analysis of both δ13C and δ2H values of plant methoxyl groups has been published. Here, we report an application of the method for the control of authenticity of vanillin. Carbon and hydrogen stable isotope values of the vanillin molecule and vanillin methoxyl groups of vanillin samples of different origins including authentic and synthetic samples were measured. The results clearly show that use of this approach provides a rapid and reliable authenticity assessment of vanillin. The technique used for these studies is robust and rapid, involves minimum sample preparation and requires only a small amount of vanillin sample, usually 1 mg for stable carbon and 4 mg for stable hydrogen analysis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 231, no 6, 933-941 p.
Authenticity, Methoxyl group, 13C/12C ratio, 2H/1H ratio, Isotope ratio mass spectrometry, V. planifolia, V. tahitensis, V. pompona
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40334DOI: 10.1007/s00217-010-1346-zISI: 000281969500014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40334DiVA: diva2:399354