umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Intraguild predation and interspecific co-existence between predatory endotherms
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
Department of Biology, Section of Ecology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland; Department of Natural Sciences, Finnmark University College, Alta, Norway.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
Department of Biology, Section of Ecology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.
2010 (English)In: Evolutionary Ecology Research, ISSN 1522-0613, E-ISSN 1937-3791, Vol. 12, no 2, 151-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: According to the current predominant view, intraguild predation leads to the replacement of intermediate predators from highly productive habitats, whereas top predators and intermediate predators can co-exist in habitats with intermediate primary productivity. These predictions are contradicted by the observed abundance of intermediate predators in productive environments. But the predictions are derived by modelling interactions in food chains where the top predator is primarily adapted to exploit intermediate predators but also has some capacity to exploit the resources of the intermediate predators. We call this 'food chain omnivory'. In contrast, 'genuine intraguild predation' is the case where the two predators have shared tactics of resource acquisition, resulting in broadly overlapping prey preferences that is, the interacting predators belong to the same guild as defined by Root (1967).

Questions: What are the effects of productivity on genuine intraguild predation? Do the predictions for food chain omnivory apply also to genuine intraguild predation'?

Methods: We modelled genuine intraguild predation by using parameter values such that the intermediate predator and the basal prey were equally valuable to the top predator. We assumed that the basal prey was a herbivore, with a carrying capacity directly proportional to primary productivity and a habitat-specific intrinsic rate of population growth that increases asymptotically in response to increasing primary productivity.

Results: With the above premises, intermediate predators can prevail even in highly productive habitat. Also, a priority effect is possible. Predictable replacement of intermediate predators by top predators requires that intermediate predators are much easier to find than basal prey. Stable co-existence requires biologically implausible parameter values.

Conclusions: Genuine intraguild predation is a destabilizing force in food webs. The dynamics of genuine intraguild predation systems differ from those in food chain omnivory systems where the intermediate and top predators have different feeding tactics and, therefore, different prey preferences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tucson: Evolutionary Ecology , 2010. Vol. 12, no 2, 151-168 p.
Keyword [en]
co-existence, exclusion, food chain intraguild predation, omnivory, predation priority effect, stoat, weasel
National Category
Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40426ISI: 000277014500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40426DiVA: diva2:399634
Available from: 2011-02-23 Created: 2011-02-23 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Oksanen, Tarja

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Aunapuu, MaanoOksanen, Tarja
By organisation
Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
In the same journal
Evolutionary Ecology Research
Ecology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 127 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf