Analysis of Lao university students' collaborative activities in a pendulum experiment
2010 (English)In: Physics community & cooperation: selected contributions from the GIREP-EPEC & PHEC 2009 International Conference / [ed] D. Raine, C. Hurkett and L. Rogers, 2010, 289-300 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
In this study we have analysed students’ collaborative activities when they per- formed an experimental task with a pendulum. Five groups, with three to seven ﬁrst year science students in each group, were videotaped. We continuously recorded each group during their practical work session with an average duration of 55 min- utes. Some students from each group were interviewed directly after the experi- mental session. When the video recordings were analysed, students’ activities and communication patterns were classiﬁed into eleven categories. The analysis evi- dences that the students collaborated actively in the groups helping each other han- dle the equipment and discussing how to perform the measurements. However in the largest working group, two students did not touch the measurement equipment and they did not take part in solving the experimental tasks. Other students in this and other groups collaborated well, but they revealed poor experimental skills and not all groups were able to complete the task. The students’ group discussions were mainly focused on understanding the experimental procedures and collecting data for the report rather than on the physics content. This revealed their shared priority of experimental activity: to pass the compulsory experimental part of the course. Just a few students tried to raise the issues about the goals stated in the laboratory work sheet concerning understanding of relations between different pendulum pa- rameters and veriﬁcation of the value ofg (acceleration due to gravity). Evidence collected from the analysis of the video recordings and the follow-up interviews with the students showed that difﬁculty in understanding the laboratory instruction, faulty equipment, and insufﬁcient help from the laboratory instructor constituted the main factors that led to a non -successful completion of the experimental task by some groups.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. 289-300 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40532ISBN: 978-1-4461-6219-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40532DiVA: diva2:400433
GIREP-EPEC & PHEC 2009 International Conference, August 17-21, University of Leicester, UK