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A neighborhood susceptibility index for planning of local physical interventions in response to pandemic influenza outbreaks
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. (Department of Computer Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden)
Department of Computer Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden. (Department of Computer Science, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden)
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2010 (English)In: American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium proceedings, ISSN 1942-597X, Vol. 2010, 792-796 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The global spread of a novel A (H1N1) influenza virus in 2009 has highlighted the possibility of a devastating pandemic similar to the 'Spanish flu' of 1917-1918. Responding to such pandemics requires careful planning for the early phases where there is no availability of pandemic vaccine. We set out to compute a Neighborhood Influenza Susceptibility Index (NISI) describing the vulnerability of local communities of different geo-socio-physical structure to a pandemic influenza outbreak. We used a spatially explicit geo-physical model of Linköping municipality (pop. 136,240) in Sweden, and employed an ontology-modeling tool to define simulation models and transmission settings. We found considerable differences in NISI between neighborhoods corresponding to primary care areas with regard to early progress of the outbreak, as well as in terms of the total accumulated share of infected residents counted after the outbreak. The NISI can be used in local preparations of physical response measures during pandemics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 2010, 792-796 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40541PubMedID: 21347087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40541DiVA: diva2:400492
Available from: 2011-02-25 Created: 2011-02-25 Last updated: 2011-06-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf