The psychosocial work environment affects female dental students more than male
(English)In: Journal of Dental Education, ISSN 0022-0337Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Dental students are often described as stressed, and the stress has, among other things, been connected to inconsistent feedback. We hypothesised that the psychosocial work environment of the dentistry programme influences the stress and satisfaction of dental students, and that tolerance for ambiguity shields the students from stress.
A web-survey was sent to the entire Swedish dental student population in clinical training (P ≈ 805), of which 40 percent participated.
The SEM-model contains four main constructs: psychosocial work environment, tolerance for ambiguity, perceived stress, and student satisfaction (χ2 = 402.638, df = 264, p<0.000, Normed χ2 = 1.525, RMSEA = 0.041, CFI = 0.97). Psychosocial work environment influenced both perceived stress and satisfaction. Psychosocial work environment accounted for almost all of the explained variance in perceived stress for women, while about half of the variance for the men was explained by tolerance for ambiguity.
We conclude that about 40 percent of the total perceived stress of female dental students is related to their psychosocial work environment. Tolerance for ambiguity shields men, but not women, from stress. Improved psychosocial work environment at the dentistry programme would decrease the stress of both male and female dental students.
psychosocial work environment, perceived stress, dental students, dental education, DSLES, tolerance for ambiguity, masculinities, SEM
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-40797OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-40797DiVA: diva2:402776