Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Hypomania: a transcultural perspective
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8114-7615
Show others and affiliations
2010 (English)In: World Psychiatry, ISSN 1723-8617, E-ISSN 2051-5545, Vol. 9, no 1, 41-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examined the transcultural robustness of a screening instrument for hypomania, the Hypomania Checklist-32, first revised version (HCL-32 R1). It was carried out in 2606 patients from twelve countries in five geographic regions (Northern, Southern and Eastern Europe, South America and East Asia). In addition, GAMIAN Europe contributed data from its members. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to examine the transregional stability of the measurement properties of the HCL-32 R1, including the influence of sex and age as covariates. Across cultures, a two-factor structure was confirmed: the first factor (F1) reflected the more positive aspects of hypomania (being more active, elated, self-confident, and cogni-tively enhanced); the second factor (F2) reflected the more negative aspects (being irritable, impulsive, careless, more substance use). The measurement properties of the HCL-32 R1 were largely invariant across cultures. Only few items showed transcultural differences in their relation to hypomania as measured by the test. F2 was higher among men and in more severe manic syndromes; F1 was highest in North and East Europe and lowest in South America. The scores decreased slightly with age. The frequency of the 32 items showed remarkable similarities across geographic areas, with two excep-tions: South Europeans had lower symptom frequencies in general and East Europeans higher rates of substance use. These findings support the interna-tional applicability of the HCL-32 R1 as a screening instrument for hypomania.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2010. Vol. 9, no 1, 41-49 p.
Keyword [en]
HCL-32 R1, Hypomania, transcultural robustness
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-41001DOI: 10.1002/j.2051-5545.2010.tb00268.xISI: 000274580300016PubMedID: 20148160OAI: diva2:404138
Available from: 2011-03-16 Created: 2011-03-16 Last updated: 2015-12-07

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Adolfsson, Rolf
By organisation
In the same journal
World Psychiatry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 176 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link